Category: Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Temple Chief Priest

Thazhaman Madom Rajeevaru
Thazhaman Madom Rajeevaru

Thazhaman Madom Rajeevaru is the priest of the temple. Narayana Potti was the former Head Priest of the temple. Kesavan Nampoothiri is the current Head Priest.

Moolasthanam

Karakkad Brahma Rakshas and Naga Devas are the moolasthanam. A special pooja is performed here in the Malayalam month of kanni and Aayilya Pooja in the Malayalam month of thulam.

Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Offerings

Temple offerings

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Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Mandala Pooja

It is celebrated on the 41 day in the Malayalam month of Vrischikam after Deeparadhana and Athazhapooja in the evening. Devi of Bhagavathikkunnu is taken in palanquin (pallakku) as a procession to Malanada. Special poojas are performed there and the idol is brought back to the Temple.

Devotees observe traditional austerities (vratham) which normally start from the 1st day of Vrischikam (17th November). Devotees initiate the vratham wearing a Tulsi or Rudraksha mala. This is also known as Sabarimala season, when pilgrims all over the world visit the holly shrine of Sabarimala. November 17 or Vrischikam 1 is the beginning of Mandalamasa or when the sun enters 1st Degree of Scorpio, Vrischika. It is also known as Vrischikamasa aarambha and is considered holly for 41 days. Mandala is a spiritual symbol in Hinduism and Buddhism. The basic form of most mandala is a square with four gates containing a circle with a center point. It represents the universe. The term mandala appears in the “Rig-Veda”. This symbol is used as a spiritual guidance to, and as an aid to meditation and transe induction.

The mandalapooja, which is considered to be the completion of the 41 day mandala vratham, will be observed on December 27. The Ayyappa idol will be adorned with Thanka Anki (sacred golden attire) preceding the uchapooja at Sabarimala. Marking the culmination of this 41 day Sabarimala Pilgrimage.

Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Festivals

Navarathri celebration

It is celebrated in the Malayalam month of Kanni (the period when the sun stands on the sign of Virgo). The nine day festival includes “Devi Bhagavatha Sapthaham”, special pooja performances, Deeparadhana in the evening, Bhajans, Discourses, and varied cultural programmes.

Navarathri is a festival dedicated to the worship of Devi Durgga. The word Nava Rathri means nine nights in Sanskrit. During the nine days of Nava Rathri nine forms of Devi are worshipped. The tenth day is celeberated as Vijaya Deshami or Dessehra-the nine forms of Shakthi are Durgga, Kali, Amba, Annapoorna Devi, Sarvamangala, Bhairavi, Chandika, Lalitha, Bhavani and Mookambika.

Bhadrakali or ‘Good Kali’ is a Hindu Goddess popular in Southern India, in Devi Mahatmyam Bhadrakali is depicted as one of the fierce forms of the great Goddess (Devi). In Kerala Temples Bhadrakali is worshiped as Sri Bhadrakali and ‘Karimkali Moorthy Devi’. She is mostly represented three eyes, and four, twelve or eighteen hands. She carries a number of weapons (kapalam, sword and panapathram). She is also seen with flames flowing from her head small tusk protruding from her mouth. Kodungalloor Bhadra Kali temple is one of the most famous temple in Kerala dedicated Bhadrakali. It is believed that the versatile Sanskrit poet Kalidasa became what he was thanks to the Devini will of Bhadrakali. It is also believed that Vikramaditya and his brother Bhatti were ordent devotes of Bhadrakali whose blessing resulted in all the successes showered upon them. Many martial arts like Kalaripayat (a traditional martial arts forms and kalari are associated with Bhadra Kali).

The beginning of spring and the beginning of autumn are considered as the sacred opportunities for the worship of the divine mother Durga. In Hindu mythology Navarathri represents the celebration of the Goddess Amba (Power). In South India Navarathri, the nine- night festival honors Durga, Goddess Lakshmi and Saraswathi. In Kerala and Tamil Nadu it is known as Navarathri and Bommla Koluvu in Andhra Pradesh. The date of Navarathri is from 25th September to 3rd October. Navarathri observed is Dasshera in Karnataka, where it is celebrated for ten days. The main event during Navarathri in South India is the display of dolls and idols-KOLU and the placing of kalash which represents Goddess. During Navarathri, we invoke the energy aspect of God in the form of Universal Mother, commonly referred to as Durga. She is also referred to as Devi or Shakthi (Power). The nine manifestations of Goddess Durga are Rudra, Chanda, Prachandha, Chandogra, Chandanayika, Chandapati, Chandaroopa, Durga and Saraswathi. It is with the help of this energy that God proceeds with the work of creation, preservation and destruction. Our worship of Shakthi reconfirms the energy is imperishable. It cannot be created or destroyed. The last three days of Navarathri, i.e., Durgashtami, Maha Navami and Vijaya Deshami are celebrated as Saraswathi Pooja and they are considered more sacred than other days for Devi worship.

In Kerala, Saraswathi Puja and Ayudha Puja are performed. On the Durgashtami day a ceremony called “Poojavaipu” is performed in the evening. On the Vijaya Deshami day after Pooja in the morning, the books and implements are taken out from the pooja room and this ceremony is called “Poojayeduppu”. Vijaya Deshami day marks the beginning of learning and work. At this auspicious moment, the tots are for the first time, given instructions to write the first few alphabets on rice or sand. Thus they are ushered into the world of knowledge. This is called ‘ezhuthiniruthu’ or ‘vidyarambham’.

Saraswathy Temple, also known as Dakshina Mookambika, in the Panachikkadu village of Kottayam district, Kerala, is significantly noted. Even though, many Saraswathy Temple perform pooja only during the Navarathri period. This Temple offers pooja throughout giving “darshan” to the devotees. The Mookambika Devi temple at Kolloor, Uduppi district in State of Karnataka, India, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Mookambika Devi. Here, Parvathy is worshiped as Parvati Devi. The establishment of the temple is attributed to Parameswara (Lord Siva) who has brown a chakra with his toe. On Durgashtamiday special poojas like suvani or suhasini pooja are performed at the Lord Aiyyappa Temple at Sabarimala. Devotees from far and near visit the Aiyyappa Temple on the auspicious day.

Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Padeni (Kolam Thullal)​

Padeni (Kolam Thullal)​ (Presented by –Sree Devi Padayani Sangam-Elanthoor East).

‘Padeni’ the favourite offering of Sri Bhagavathikkunnil Amma. Is performed 3 days before thiruvulsavam.

The ritual marks beginning of Padeni.  The temple priest hands over an oil lamp, i.e., to lit with the fire from the sacred lamp to the Padeni masters.  The Padeni Sangam with devotees welcomes Sri Bhagavathikkunnilamma beating ‘pacha Thappu’ (a traditional musical drum), clamor and voice of melodious chorus of women (vaikurava).  The Padeni master light an indigenous torch light made of dry coconut (choottu katta) with the sacred lamp brought from the sanctum sanctorum.  The Padeni Aashan goes round the temple thrice before reverently placing it on a stone facing sanctum.

The ‘Koottakolam’ performance comprises of’ Sivakolam’, ‘Ganapathikolam’,’ Maruthakolam’, ‘Yakshikolam’, ‘Sundharayakshi’,’ Antharayakshi’, ‘Arackiyakshi’,’Mayayakshi’, ‘Pakshikolam’, ‘Maadankolam’, ‘Kaalankolam’,’ Bhairavi’,’ Bhairavium Kanjiramalayum’, ‘Ninabhairavi’,’ Kanjiramala’, ‘Mangalakolam’, ‘Pooppada’, and ‘Kuthirathullal’.  Kanjiramala and Bhairavikolam is the major attraction of the Padeni festival.  The Valiya Padeni is a major festival that witnesses perforces all the padenikolam including majestic Bhairavikolam.  Usually the Valiya padeni concludes with the artists and devotees singing “Vallappattu” seeking divine blessings.

Kadammanitta village is popularly known as padeni village in Pathanamthitta District.  Kadammanitta is a village with vibrant rustic traditions on the hilly tracts of the district.  It is situated about five kilometers away from the district headquarters.  Kadammanitta is known its ancient Bhagavathy Temple and the ritualistic art form of padeni.  The padeni festival celeberated at the Bhagavathikkunnu Devi temple there attracts a large number of temple art lovers from the different parts of the state and even foreigners every year.  The Kadammanitta Bhadrakali temple is a major center of this temple art form and padeni festival is held every year.  The ritualistic dance of padeni, literal meaning military formation is performed as offering to Goddess Bhadrakali at various Bhadrakali temples in the Central Travancore region.  Padeni is being celeberated every year almost thirty temples of Alleppy, Pathanamthitta and Kottayam Districts.

Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Sub Deity

Sree Maladevan (Malanada)

Here Maladeva is consecrated and worshipped as Maladevatha. This shrine is situated in the eastern side, opposite of the main temple, facing west-wards. Important offerings

  • Thampoola or Betel leaves :  It is an offering comprised of betel leaves, aracanut, chunam or quick lime, a coin etc.,
  • Tender coconut
  • Karutha Mundu
  • Karuppu kacha (a kind of black rough cloth)
  • Thrimadhuram:  Kadalippazham, sugar candy and honey are the main ingredients of this offering.

Sree Maha Ganapathy

This shrine is situated in the Kannimoola at the south west of the main temple, facing eastwards. Important offerings

  • Ashtadravya Mahaganapathi Homam
  • Ganapathi Homam
  • Unniyappam (a kind of sweet cake)
  • Modhakam (a sweet ball made of green gram and jaggery)
  • Karukamaala [a garland made of a species of fodder grass, (a kind of grass used for rituals)]
  • Mukkuttimaala (a sensitive medical plant which bears small yellow flowers).

Sree Brahmarakhshass

(The spirit of Brahmin who met with gruesome death) The shrine is situated in the south-west of Ganapathi temple facing eastwards. Important Offerings

  • Palpayasam (a sweet preparation with rice in milk)
  • Kadalipazham (a species of plantain used in rituals).

Nagaraja and Nagarani

This sub-deity shrine is situated in the south-west of Brahmarakshas facing east.Important Offerings

  • Sarppabali (a holy sacrifice dedicated to serpent)
  • Aayillya Pooja [The Ninth lunar asterism, the forfeit of Leo (considered auspicious for serpent worship)]
  • Noorum Paalum (a mixture of rice powder, turmeric powder and milk)
  • Dhaara (uninterrupted flow of water on an idol)
  • Sarppapooja (Serpent pooja)
Bhagavathikunnu Temple

Offerings of Presiding Deity

Arunazhi Payasam

It is a sweet porridge prepared with six nazhi (seer) raw rice, six nazhi ghee, six kilogram of jiggery, dried ginger, cardamom, raisings and six coconut as ingredients.

 

Bhagavathipooja

It is a special Pooja with kumkumam, kalabham are performed during temple festival seasons. Pooja is a prior ritual performed by Hindus to worship one or more deities. In Sanskrit the word “pooja” means “reverence” or adoration. The two main areas where pooja is performed in the home and temples to mark certain stages of life or some festivals like “Lakshmi Pooja and Durga Pooja”.

Kadumpayasam

It is one of the favourite offerings of Devi. This payasam is prepared with twofold of all the items used in arunazhipayasam.

Archanakal

This includes ashtothara archana, sahsranama archana, sree sooktham archana, Devi mahatmyam archana etc., this archanas are performed with chanting the holly mantras.

Padeni Kolas

It is a kind of rustic humorous rivalry usually performed during festivals in Devi Temple. It is performed in connection with Thiruvulsavam as an offering to the deity. The devotees can dedicate this eight-day long festival as an offer. The festival is concluded on the eighth day with “Valiya Padeni”

Rakthapushpanjali

Red flower like hibiscus, red nerium and exora are mainly used for this offering.

Bhagavathipooja

It is a special Pooja with kumkumam, kalabham are performed during temple festival seasons. Pooja is a prior ritual performed by Hindus to worship one or more deities. In Sanskrit the word “pooja” means “reverence” or adoration. The two main areas where pooja is performed in the home and temples to mark certain stages of life or some festivals like “Lakshmi Pooja and Durga Pooja”.

Pushpanjalikal

Different flowers are used for this offering. This archanas are performed with chanting the holly mantras too Different flowers are used for this offering. This archanas are performed with chanting the holly mantras too

May Devi shower her blessings, of good health and prosperity, on one and all!
Bhagavathikunnu Temple

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Bhagavathikunnu Temple History

Elanthoor (Ellangalude Oor meaning dwelling of elloms) is a village in Pathanamthitta district in the state of Kerala. Sanskrit & Tamil influenced Malayalam is the spoken language of this famous ancient village and makes its name meaningful.

Most of the places which have ‘Oor’ in their names indicate some kind of description of the place.  Elanthoor – dwelling of Illoms.

Thazhaman Madam Bhrahmashree Neelakandararu thantrikalude kaarmikatvathil  shadhadharapratishtayum pudiya chatura bahuvaya devi pratishtayum upadeva pratishtakalum, valyambalam, aanakottil, sadhyalayam,

Elanthoor was also included in Pattinamthitta District, during the time of Cheraman Peruma, under the Twelve Vazhunnavar’s ruling of Chengannoor 5000.

The stamp of royalty can still be felt due to the royal remnants inside and outside the Kottai and Pandalam even today. The Mount Kottathatti, the Pit of Nagas, the facade of mountains, stand as witness to the time when Pandavas took refuge in the village during their exile.

Thiru Aranmula Parthasarathy and Omalloor Rakthakanda Swami Temples stand as the boundary of the Elanthoor village. The great historical figure, the King of Pandalam’s Kalari and Chief of Army made alive this settlement.

One of the important and famous Goddess Abode in Thiruvitamkoor is the Bhagawati Kunnu Devi Temple. From the archaic Illom of North Malabar, at the time of Tippu Sultan’s Army, while taking the Kulabhara Devatayaya Devi (Goddess), Mullappalli Nambhoothiri disappeared after crossing many villages (Naranganam, Onthekkad, Punaikkad etc.) reached Ellanthoor.

With the help of the officials of Koikkal and the owner of Karikattu, Ummatti, the Mother Goddess was enshrined amidst the fields.

In those days, the Christians who were residing in Kazhiyundasseri used to provide the temple with cold-pressed sesame oil. Even today, they continue the ritual of providing the oil. It is said that the Devi Vilippurathamma stood as the protector for the passersby and the bullock carts that cross the dangerous route.

Today, all Hindus residing in Elanthoor West, Mannubhagam East, Valiya Pariaram, Ida pariyaram, Varyapuram have been given equal rights and claims by the Temple rulers. These people took the responsibility resurrecting and renovating the dilapidated temple. The Stone Statue of Lord Krishna, the sanctum sanctorum, obeisance courtyard, sub gods and goddesses, Ganapati, Yakshi, Rakhshas  Valyacchan, Naga Rajavu, mala nadaa have been redone beautifully. Sacrificial stone and flagpost have also been completed.

Making of the boundary wall has also been started after the pratishtakaram.

The first flag hoisting ceremony was conducted on  24th February 1999 with much fanfare through the 10 day festivities. Padayani festival was also first celebrated then and continues to be celebrated every year on the day of Maheeram Star in themalayalam month of Kumbham.

The people of this land will remain humbled for the support from all corners of the world for the progress and upkeep of the temple.

May Devi shower her blessings, of good health and prosperity, on one and all!